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Larry Shepard

The Triumphal Entry: A Living Parable - Part I

Why did Jesus enter Jerusalem on a donkey? What does it mean?

Note: You can view the text of all scripture passages used in this article by hovering over the verse with your mouse. For more info about this feature, see the article, "How To Use Our Blog".

 

On April 6, AD 32, Jesus, with much fanfare,  rode into Jerusalem on a young donkey.  This is the only time in  the gospels that Jesus  does not travel (on land) by foot.   Why?  What is happening here?  What does it mean?  This is a living parable.  Instead of telling  a story, Jesus delivers  a message "live" and in living color.

Hidden in this humble  donkey  ride into Jerusalem are  truths about who Jesus is, His purpose and the fulfillment of numerous prophecies, including a staggering  500 year old  prediction of when Israel's Messiah (Christ)  would present Himself as King!  There are blessings waiting for us as we discover these hidden treasures.  These blessings are what I refer to as "The Power in the Parable"!  Let's go.  

The Triumphal Entry is reenacted in the video above this article.  Watch the video to get a sense of what this event was like.

Highlights  Of The Triumphal Entry

Listed below are highlights of the Triumphal Entry taken  primarily from Luke 19:26-44 and  Mark 11:1-11.

  • Jesus sends His disciples to find a donkey and her colt
  • The disciples  find the animals (tied to a vine) and bring them to Jesus
  • Jesus begins His journey from Bethphage to Jerusalem riding the colt
  • People join the processional, praising Jesus and tossing  garments and branches in the pathway
  • The Pharisees tell Jesus to stop the worship of the crowd
  • Jesus responds by saying that if they stop, "...the rocks will cry out"
  • As Jesus nears Jerusalem, He weeps over the city
  • The procession enters Jerusalem to the chagrin of the Jewish leaders
  • Jesus enters the temple, looks around and returns to Bethany (Mark 11:11)
 
Key Study Principle (Read); 2 Peter 1:19-23

 

The things Jesus did confirm Old Testament prophecies about the coming Messiah. We have to find and study those passages to better understand His ministry.

 

 

Searching For Donkeys
How do we interpret these images?  What does it all mean?  Well, we will begin this treasure hunt by  searching the scriptures for references about  a donkey and her young colt (or fold).  Two  passages  stand out, Genesis 49:8-12 and  Zechariah 9:9.
 
In Genesis 49, the Jewish patriarch Jacob, who is near death, prophesies about the future of his sons.  When he speaks of Judah in Gen 49:8-12, , we discover some  amazing predictions:, which are summarized below: 
 
  • Israel's Messiah will come from the tribe of  Judah
  • The last king of Israel will be the Messiah ("Shiloh")
  • Many people will obey this King
  • This  King HAS a donkey  and  a colt bound (or tied) to a vine!
  • The King's clothes shall be washed in wine

 

Shiloh, The Prince Of Peace

Jacob's prophecy is rich with Messianic symbolism (see the excellent video below, entitled "The Blessing Upon Judah", for additional insight into the prophecy).  The term "Shiloh", in verse 8, is a combination of words and possibly a pun.  One part of the word means "peace" and the other part signifies "right" or "ownership".  Jacob is describing the true or rightful prince who will bring peace..  Shiloh, in this passage, is a coming King who will be known throughout the ages as "The Prince of Peace" (Isiah 9:6).  Jesus plainly told His followers that He was the one in whom they could find peace and rest:
 
"Come to Me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.  Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.  For My yoke is easy and My burden is light."  (Matthew 11:28-30)
 
 
The Vine, The Wine, And The Lion
The events following the Triumphal Entry recorded  in the  gospels help us to identify 'the vine' and 'wine' in Jacob's prophecy.  Jesus refers to Himself as the vine in John 15:1.  We know that the wine used during the Last Supper (Luke 22:20), symbolizes the blood of Jesus that was shed for us on the cross.  We can understand the meaning of the King's clothes being washed in wine (His blood) by carefully considering Rev 19:13!  Jacob's prophecy predicts the coming Messiah will reign forever and establish peace and salvation by shedding His blood to cover our sins.  This was the mission of the Lion of the Tribe of Judah (Rev 5:4-6).
 
The Promise Is To You, Your Children And To Them Far Off
The Hebrew term for donkey in this passage is the same one used in the Zech 9:9 passage (see below).  The donkey is considered an unclean animal and is a type of the Gentile (non-Jewish) nations. Although Israel was chosen to be the carrier of God's Law and the nation through which the Saviour would come, He has always intended to pour out His blessings on all nations!  Consider His promise to Israel in Gen. 26:3-4, "...and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed".   
 
The King in Jacob's prophecy has a donkey and a colt bound to Him (the Vine).  In the Triumphal Entry, these animals will be included.  Special effort is made (Matt 2:12) to ensure that they are part of the processional.  Why?   Jesus is Israel's Messiah, but He came to die for all men (2 Cor 5:15) and to break down the wall between us (Ephesians 2:14-19).   The Gentiles have  been grafted into the tree that represents the nation of Israel (Romans 11:13-19).  God created all nations and the fact that the Gentiles would recognize, come and worship Him, is predicted throughout scripture (e.g. Psalms 68:8-10).,  Jesus riding on a donkey was a powerful  living parable carrying a message for the ages (Acts 2:38-40). 
 
A More Sure Word Of Prophecy (2 Pet 1:19-21)
 
Prophecy is God's way of letting us know that He alone is the author of the scriptures.  Long before the Triumphal  Entry, God inspired His prophets to give us a "parable" that could be deciphered by the diligent.  He declares the end  from the beginning  (read Isiah  46:9-10).  The more that we contemplate these "parables" in the light of related Bible passages, the clearer  they will become. 
 
 
Zechariah Predicts The Triumphal Entry
 
Image
Zechariah 9:9 is another amazing prophecy of the Triumphal Entry.  This passage was written over 500 years before Jesus' ride into Jerusalem.  Here we see a call for the people to rejoice and shout triumphantly.  Why?  The Messiah is presenting himself openly as Israel's King. 
 
It is important to note that He is NOT coming as a warrior, but humbly on a colt, bringing salvation to his people.  Jesus literally fulfills Zechariah's prophecy to the letter. 
 
Again, we see God's fingerprint on the scriptures.  Jesus did not ride the donkey because the journey was long or because He was tired.  Every Old Testament prophecy concerning Him had to be fulfilled precisely.  Matthew confirms Jesus' intent in Matt 21:3-5.    The Triumphal Entry  was a signal to those who treasured God's word that their Messiah and King had arrived!   
 
This Is The End Of Part I
 
In Part II of this article, we will learn that Jesus rode into Jerusalem on the exact day that was predicted by the prophet Daniel.  We will also explore why Jesus wept over Jerusalem and why Israel did not know that it was time for their Messiah to appear.
 
References, Questions and Commentary
 
There is more treasure to be found!  The Power in the Parable is released into our lives as we meditate in His word and dig for the jewels that have been hidden for us to discover.  We have provided related articles and videos in the 'More Links' section below.  We also encourage you to participate in the discussions located in the Comments area below.  This section contains challenging questions about this topic.  You can post answers as well as your own commentary.  You can also rate the posts.  Our staff moderates all posts and will address them where appropriate.  Note that posts that are off-topic or not respectful or may be deleted.
 
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Larry Shepard

Larry ShepardLarry Shepard

Larry is the founder and visionary of the Parable Power Network. His mission is to ignite a passion for God's word and to see the Power in the Parable elevate people to exemplary living.. Larry has served in various Christian ministries for over 40 years; including teaching in Bible Schools and as a Senior Pastor.

Other posts by Larry Shepard
Contact author Full biography

Full biography

Larry Shepard committed his life to Jesus Christ over 40 years ago. During those years, he worked in evangelistic radio and publishing ministries. He has served as an Education Director, Special Ministries Director, Associate Pastor and as a Senior Pastor. Larry has studied and taught at Cornerstone Theological Seminary. He also developed and taught classes at The Texas Institute of Biblical Studies. Larry worked in Corporate America as an IT professional and developed software for numerous small businesses. He lives in Houston, Texas, and is married and has two children and two grandchildren.

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6 comments on article "The Triumphal Entry: A Living Parable - Part I"

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Larry Shepard

Why did Jesus need the donkeys that He instructed His disciples to find and bring to Him in Matthew 21:2-3?


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Administrator

Why is it important to study and understand Old Testament prophecy?


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Larry Shepard

SuperUser Account

Genesis 49:8-12 tells us that Isreal's last king will come from the line of Judah. Be sure to watch the video in the media gallery above, "The Royal Line From David To Messiah", to understand how Jesus fulfilled this prophecy! Then, try to answer these questions. Why was it necessary for Mary to be a descendent of King David Why couldn't Joesph be Jesus' father (according to the flesh) ?


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Larry Shepard

What do you think Jesus meant by this verse in Matt 5:18?

"For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled."


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Larry Shepard

Who was Jesus declaring himself to be by riding into Jerusalem on a donkey and allowing the people to praise him?


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Larry Shepard

Since we are prohibited from worshipping men (Acts 10:24-26) or angels (Col 2:18), why does Jesus permit the crowd to do this during the Triumphal Entry? When the Pharisees tell him to stop the adulations of the crowd, why does Jesus say “I tell you that if these should keep silent, the stones would immediately cry out.” (Luke 19:40),

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